Medical Conditions

The Health Hazards of Obesity

Obesity is a complex disorder that increases a person’s risk for health hazards and serious diseases. Obesity occurs when you consume more calories than you expend and it differs from overweight, which refers to weighing too much. Obesity Beach Picture2

Factors that affect a person’s weight include overeating, high-fat intake, not being active, and genetics. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2010, more than 2 in 3 adults are overweight or obese, with more than 5% of adults considered to have extreme obesity.

The tool used to estimate weight is the body mass index (BMI). For adults, the ranges of overweight and obesity are determined using the BMI, a weight-height calculation. BMI correlates a person’s amount of body fat.

 

  • Overweight – A BMI between 25 and 29.9
  • Obesity – A BMI of 30 or higher

 

The World Health Organization reports that globally there has been an increased intake of high-fat, energy-dense foods as well as a decrease in physical activity among the general population. Where the weight accumulates contributes to health risks, with accumulation of belly fat (apple shape) being more risky than thigh and buttock fat (pear shape). Below are some of the serious health hazards of obesity.

Heart Disease and Stroke

Excessive weight increases your likelihood of developing high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol. Both of these medical conditions increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. Heart disease is caused when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, reducing blood flow to the cardiac muscle of the heart.

This makes conditions like myocardial infarction (heart attack) and heart failure (dropsy) more likely. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), losing 5% to 10% of your weight will lower the risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke.

Type 2 Diabetes

diabetes-picture-300x199Type 2 diabetes mellitus increases a person’s risk for heart disease, and many people who are overweight or obese develop diabetes. The body breaks down food into glucose, and this circulates in the blood as it passes through the body. The pancreas releases insulin to turn glucose into energy, but with diabetes, there is not enough insulin to convert the glucose.

Therefore, it stays elevated in the bloodstream. Losing weight will help you stabilize your blood glucose (sugar) levels and control this condition. Many people who lose weight find that their blood sugar returns to normal.

Cancer

Certain types of cancer are linked to obesity and excessive body weight. These include colon, kidney, breast, endometrial, esophagus, gallbladder, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers. Maintaining a heathy size is important for cancer prevention.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease that is associated with excessive body fat. This condition affects the knees, hips, and back, as carrying extra pounds puts pressure on the joints and breaks down the tissue cushioning the joints (cartilage). Losing weight will ease the stress and strain on the knees, lower back, and hips and improve symptoms of OA.

Gout

Another joint disease linked to obesity is gout, which occurs from too much uric acid in the blood stream. Sudden weight gain puts a person at risk for a gout flare-up, which causes painful joints.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder that causes a person to snore heavily and have episodes where breathing ceases during sleep. This occurs due to fat that is stored around the neck, narrowing the airway and interfering with breathing. People with sleep apnea also are drowsy during the daytime. In addition, sleep apnea increases the risk for stroke and/or heart disease.

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that make a person at risk for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. The doctor makes a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome when you have three of the following:

  • Large waistline
  • High triglyceride level
  • Low HDL cholesterol level
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood glucose

Obviously these risks are mitigated if an individual can lose weight and keep it off. Call Medifast Weight Control Centers today to discuss how the Arizona weight loss clinics can help at (602) 996-9669!

Nightmare Effects of Sugar Addiction

Cutting your addiction to sugar is worse than quitting smoking. Really! Smoking is something that you can cut out of your life and never think about again, but it’s not really the same with sugar.

Sugar is all around us all day long and we’ve been taught to like it since we were children. Our bodies crave it and the craving increases as we eat more of it. And it causes a myriad of health issues including Type II Diabetes, obesity, gall stones, arthritis, and heart disease.

Sugar is so highly addictive that, despite all of the health problems it causes, we continue to consume more and more of it every year. It is full of empty calories and in order to process it, the body is forced to use its own supply of vitamins and minerals, depleting those stores and increasing the risk of obesity, diabetes, and high cholesterol.

Another disturbing fact about sugar is that we consume an average of 73 grams of it per day compared to 15 at the turn of the century … 114 years ago! This is a dramatic increase that our bodies had no time to prepare for.

In addition, the sugar is not sucrose, a form that has been used by our bodies for millennia, but High Fructose Corn Syrup or HFCS. This form of sugar is metabolized much differently than glucose, the form of sugar that our body actually uses. It contains sucrose and fructose but is risky because of its chemical combination of sugars.

In regular table sugar, the fructose portion is bound to the sucrose and the body must break that down before it can be used. In HFCS, the fructose is not bound to the other sugars and it is absorbed immediately and goes right to your liver … and thighs!

An especially destructive effect of excessive sugar consumption is that it is self-sustaining. As you eat more sugar, your body becomes more adept at processing it. You can absorb more, therefore causing more damage. As we consume more sugar, and our bodies demand even more, we open ourselves up to some awful affects such as:

  • Weight gain, obesity, and Type II Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Insulin resistance
  • Increased Uric Acid
  • Kidney damage

All of the above are bad, but an especially nasty effect is the increase in uric acid. The increase is responsible for stroke, hypertension, heart disease, and inflammation. These symptoms of increased uric acid are bad, but they also lead to other diseases such as cancer.

It is very important to strictly limit sugar intake, especially HFCS’s, because it will inevitably lead to deadly diseases that are completely avoidable.

The Medifast Weight Control Program is able to keep meals tasty while limiting the simple sugars involved. This decreases the potential for side effects, while allowing weight loss at the same time!

How is Type 2 diabetes different than Type 1?

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease as it affects the immune system of the body by destroying the beta cells that help in insulin release. The destruction of insulin cells negatively impacts the production of insulin in the body. Since glucose cannot be absorbed by the body without insulin cells, the level of blood glucose gradually increases. As this condition is mainly seen in children, the diseDiabetes-picture-150x150ase is often known as juvenile onset or insulin dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also associated with heredity of the person. Even though it is considered as a genetic disorder, some people with heredity do not develop type 1 diabetes. Only 5-10% of diabetic patients are affected with this type of diabetes.

The fact is that around 85-90% of people with heredity of type 1 diabetes do not have the disease. In several cases, both parents have to be diabetic for their offspring to inherit the disease. According to some scientists, exposure to Coxsackievirus, which is an intestinal tract virus known for enterovirus infections, can cause this condition in children with genetic background. Even though the reason is not known, the child affected with enteric virus has the probability of developing type 1 diabetes six times more than other children with parents having diabetes.

Other risk factors that trigger the occurrence of type 1 diabetes are climate, ethnicity, childhood diet, respiratory infection, and autoantibodies. Caucasians are more susceptible to develop type 1 diabetes. Climate also plays a major role in the development of this condition. This condition is more common in winter season than in summer season. Breastfed children are less susceptible to this disease. Autoantibodies are found in type 1 diabetic patients several years before the occurrence of the disease. According to a research study, child who had respiratory infection during the first year will obtain protection from type 1 diabetes.

Signs and symptoms of type-1 diabetes include weight loss, feeling thirsty and urinating frequently and nausea.

Type 2 Diabetes

Medical Weight Loss PhoenixType 2 diabetes, also called adult onset diabetes, is a condition in which the body does not use the insulin effectively or the production of insulin is not enough to breakdown the body glucose. Gradually, the body loses its ability to produce insulin. This condition can be delayed or prevented by making lifestyle changes such as by maintaining healthy weight, proper diet and regular exercise. About 80-90% of diabetic patients are suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Hereditary factors play a major role in type 2 diabetes, unlike type 1. Environmental factors and lifestyle also trigger the development of type 2 diabetes. Obesity is considered as the strongest factor to develop type 2 diabetes. About 80% of the people suffering from type 2 diabetes are overweight. Inactivity, psychological stress, social problems, and lifestyle changes are also associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. Ethnicity and geographical conditions also trigger the development of type 2 diabetes. African Americans, Pima Indians and Hispanics are the groups that are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The condition is more common in older people or people over 40 years of age. Type 2 diabetes is not very common in non-westernized countries.

It’s signs include weight loss and also weight gain (obesity) in addition to the other signs in type-1 diabetes. However, there are more warning signs of type-2 diabetes including skin infections, blurred vision and excessive itching.

For those suffering with Type 2 Diabetes, weight loss at a top Phoenix weight loss clinic can help get the condition under control. Medifast Weight Control Centers has special programs for diabetics. Call (602) 996-9669 for a free consultation today!

You Probably Have Diabetes and Don’t Know It

Diabetes affects millions of people in the world, but 50% of them don’t know about their condition. Most of the people tend to ignore the symptoms of diabetes as the symptoms are usually not very Diabetes-pictureobvious. Blood sugar test and urine sugar test are the best ways to identify the blood sugar level in the body.

Various symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, feeling thirsty, weight loss or weight gain, hunger pangs, skin problems, slow healing, yeast infections, fatigue, blurred vision, and numbness or tingling.

If diabetes is left untreated for long, then it can cause organ failure, amputations, blindness, heart attack, stroke, etc. Diabetes increases the risk of several major health issues including heart problems, kidney issues and strokes. Diabetes also causes eye complications leading to cataracts, glaucoma and sometimes it may also lead to blindness.

High glucose levels create problems in blood circulation in limbs that may damage the tissues of the organ and lead to amputation of the limb. If you have a family history of diabetes, then it is better to take blood test to know your present condition. Ethnicity, age, and family history of a person are also the deciding factors of diabetes. If you have crossed the age of 40 and have a family history of diabetes, you must check whether you have diabetes or not.

Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are the major types of diabetes seen in diabetic patients. The patients with Type 1 diabetes are born with the disease and normally diagnosed within the initial years of life. Diabetic people with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin injections to maintain the blood sugar level. Type 2 diabetes is usually found in elderly people and it is diagnosed mostly in middle-aged people. Type 2 is caused because of the inefficiency of the insulin in the body.

Blood test has to be performed after fasting, i.e. the person should avoid eating anything for at least 8 hours before taking the test. If the blood sugar level is above 126mg/dl, then you are a diabetic patient. The cutoff level for normal blood sugadiabetes-picture-300x199r is 99 mg/dl, where as 100-125mg/dl is considered as prediabetic condition.

If you have a family history of diabetes, then it is recommended to test your blood sugar level every year. Once you have been diagnosed with diabetes, then you have to make certain lifestyle changes to maintain a healthy blood sugar level.

If you have diabetes, then you should maintain your blood pressure and cholesterol at a normal level to avoid complications. One should lose weight if he or she is over one’s ideal body weight. Medifast offers a special weight loss program for Type 2 diabetics that is safe, nutritious and helps with lasting weight loss.

Diabetic patients should do proper exercise like brisk walking for at least 30-60 minutes a day. It is also recommended to perform muscle and bone strengthening activities such as sit-ups and lifting weights. Always maintain a healthy weight and take the prescribed medicines without fail. Even if you have reached the target blood sugar level, you should maintain it by taking medicines and proper diet, and by doing proper exercise.

If you have diabetes and you don’t know it, then it may be an alarming situation. It is recommended that you pay attention to signs, take your medication on time and lead a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercise.

Shocking Facts on Diabetes and Dying Early

Diabetes is known as the silent killer because about one third of the patients do not know that they are suffering from this disease. This is because often diabetes does not show any major symptoms.

Most people become aware of the disease only after they develop life-threatening risks such as Diabetes-pictureneuropathy, heart problems, and blindness. About 1 out of 10 adults in the world is suffering from this disease and 50% of them are not diagnosed.

It has been reported that around 400 million people in the world are suffering from diabetes and the number is increasing rapidly. Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes are the three types of diabetes. To prevent and understand diabetes in a better way, it is important to know about the shocking facts on diabetes. Some of them are as follows:

  • Contrary to the popular belief, diabetes is not caused by eating excessive sugar. Sedentary lifestyle of people is the main reason for the occurrence of diabetes. Proper diet and exercise will delay or reduce the prevalence of diabetes. However, if you already have diabetes then you need to be careful about your sugar intake.

 

  • About 5 million adults are suffering from blindness and one million people are amputated every year due to diabetes.

 

  • Diabetes is one of the major causes of cataract, stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure.

 

  • Moderate exercise and weight loss will help you prevent diabetes. With lifestyle changes, 80% of the Type 2 diabetes can be prevented. It is important that you make exercise and healthy meal a part of your life.

 

  • According to research studies, low and middle income families are most likely to suffer from this disease.

 

  • In US, 16% of adults are managing diabetes without any medication. These patients are controlling diabetes with the help of proper exercise and diet. However, this requires great dedication and will power.

 

  • In US, diabetes is a major cause of death, the numbers are bigger than the deaths caused by AIDS and breast cancer put together. Most of the people do not take diabetes seriously. The chances of one catching diabetes depend on several things including ethnicity, age, and family history of the person. Death rate with diabetes is 27% higher in Afro-Americans than in white people with diabetes.Top Weight Loss Center Phoenix

 

  • Asians are more prone to this disease than white people.

 

  • Type 1 diabetes is caused by the shortage of insulin production and Type 2 diabetes is caused by the ineffectiveness of insulin. Type 1 diabetes, common in children, adolescents or young adults, is an autoimmune disease and lasts for lifelong. In type 2 diabetes, the body of the patient produces insulin, but it is not effective in breaking down glucose. Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed mainly in adults and it is a metabolic disorder.

 

  • The most shocking fact is that diabetes is not curable. Hence, you have to manage diabetes with medications, insulin injections, balanced diet, and physical activity.

The Link between Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes

If you’re obese or overweight, then you should know that you’re at a great risk of having type 2 diabetes. According to International Diabetes Foundation, obesity and diabetes are the major health problems of the 21st century.

According to a supporting statistics, a person is diagnosed with diabetes every three seconds. The modern lifestyle has a major role in developing type 2 diabetes. Sedentary lifestyle of people leadiabetes-picture-300x199ds to high fat accumulation in the body. People having a BMI (body mass index) of above 25 are considered as overweight or obese. Obese people have 80% more chances of developing type 2 diabetes than people with a body mass index below 22.

Type 2 diabetes occurs due to insulin resistance of the body or when the body is unable to produce enough insulin to keep the glucose level normal. According to scientists, obesity triggers changes in the human body which in turn leads to the development of type 2 diabetes. Once you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you’ve to make necessary changes in your lifestyle to maintain the glucose level in the blood stream. Plus, lifestyle changes will help to prevent further complications associated with diabetes.

Some of the changes that occur in an obese person are:

Affects Fat Metabolism

Obesity triggers metabolic changes in the body, which result in the release of fat molecules to the blood from adipose tissues or fat tissues. These molecules affect the function of the insulin cells and damage the responsiveness of these cells to insulin gradually.

Reduces the Responsiveness of The Body To Inflammation

The abdominal fat in obese people causes the release of pro-inflammatory chemicals in the body. These chemicals interrupt the responsiveness of the insulin cells to develop insulin resistance in the body. Insulin resistance is the major cause that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes. By losing abdominal fat with proper diet and exercise can help in reducing the release of these chemicals. Excessive Lose Weight Phoenixabdominal fat or central obesity develops a high risk to type 2 diabetes.

Obesity Causes Prediabetes Condition

Developing prediabetes condition is another cause of obesity. In this condition, the blood sugar level is higher than the normal level but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. According to scientists, prediabetes causes the increased production of fatty acids in the blood. These excessive fatty acids enter the mitochondria of the cells and stop the proper functioning of the mitochondria.

Prevention of Diabetes in Obese People

If you’re obese, it is important to maintain a healthy diet, increased physical activity and healthy weight. Small amount of weight loss can also prevent the occurrence of diabetes or to delay the chances of developing diabetes.

Weight loss can also help in preventing the complications related to diabetes like heart attack, stroke and blindness, and also in reducing the amount of medicines required by the body. To trigger weight loss, you have to follow a diet with low carbohydrates and high fiber along with 20-30 minutes of physical activity on a regular basis. It is recommended to consult a physician before starting a new diet or work program, especially if you’re diabetic.

Top 7 Ways to keep off weight after losing it

Nothing feels better than being able to lose weight successfully. On the other hand, nothing feels worse than gaining it all back. Unfortunately, it is not always easy to keep the fat off after losing it. However, following the advice given in this article will help you make sure that the weight is kept off and the body can stay at the ideal weight.

1-     Chew your food as much as you can:Chewing each bite of food a few times can actually help keep the weight off your body. This is due to the fact that chewing more, helps in breaking down the food properly and can help release certain nutrients in your blood, allowing your mind to acknowledge that you are full. On the other hand, chewing less and eating quickly will actually cause your body to consume more food.Weight Loss Scottsdale AZ

2-     Take vitamin D: Experts recommend taking vitamin D supplements. Vitamin D helps people keep the extra pounds off their body. Vitamin D helps in quickly providing your brain with the indicator that the body is full. When your brain knows that you are full, you will not be drawn into consuming more food.

3-     Exercise on a frequent basis: The use of regular exercise ensures that the lost weight does not return. If you lose weight and stop exercising, your body will start to accumulate the fat. Exercising will help burn the fat into energy. Even if you are not exercising, the idea is to keep moving and not to spend too much time sitting in one place.

4-     Keep track of progress: Once you have achieved your desired weight, you will naturally stop tracking progress. However, doing so only causes you to indulge in unhealthy eating habits and your body will gradually start to accumulate fat again. Keep tracking progress every once in a while to ensure that you are eating healthy.

5-     Have proper sleep: Believe it or not, sleep deprivation can cause you to gain the weight back faster than you imagined. When an individual is deprived of sleep, they will turn to comfort foods like potato chips and coffee to keep them awake. Although these food items will keep the urge to sleep at bay, they will be a form of unhealthy eating and will cause you to gain weight.

6-     Take support from friends and family in times of distress: “Stress eating”, also known as “Emotional eating” is when individuals eat more, eat faster or have food cravings during times of stress. This is unhealthy and leads to weight gain. Instead, take support from friends and family in times of distress and talk things out, so that you have peace of mind.

7-     Adopt a healthier lifestyle: In order to keep the weight from coming back, it is essential that you adopt a healthier lifestyle. After having lost weight, you may be prone to going back to your unhealthy eating habits and lifestyle. This will only cause you to gain all the weight back. Stay determined and change your lifestyle for the better.

How Losing Sleep is Making You Fat

A surprising effect of sleep loss is weight gain, among other things. Sleep loss can be caused just because we live with all the stresses of the modern world. Our bosses ask for more and more of our time, families require trips to dance class or band practice, and our “always connected” lives keep us online and working at all hours.

One of the more pernicious effects of weight gain is that it can cause sleep apnea, which can cause more weight gain. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the tissues of the throat close, causing a loss of oxygen and waking the sleeper, allowing them to breathe again. The sleeper falls asleep again, and the whole cycle restarts, sometimes as often as 150 times per hour.Sleeping businessman

All of this time will bring about not only weight gain, but Type II Diabetes as well. Diabetes and sleep problems are very interrelated. Diabetes can cause sleep loss because as the body tries to get rid of excess blood sugar by urinating, the diabetic is awakened throughout the night to use the bathroom.

All of this awake time can cause people to eat more because they are so tired and need to get energy from somewhere, usually from high sugar foods which exacerbate the elevated blood sugar level. Our hormones, leptin and ghrelin, are affected by our sleeping patterns. The former tells us when to stop eating and the latter tells us to eat more. Unfortunately, when we are sleep deprived our body produces less of leptin and more of ghrelin, forcing us to eat more – thus causing weight gain.

As you can see, this vicious cycle is extremely detrimental, and the results can be devastating to overall health and well-being. Stroke, high blood pressure, heart failure, heart attack, and depression are just some of the life-threatening problems that result from weight gain and sleep loss.

Generally, humans need 7.5 to 8 hours of sleep per night and it’s not often the case that we can survive on 6 or less, even though many hard-driving entrepreneurs in our culture believe they can survive on little or no sleep and keep going indefinitely. This personality type risks the health problems that result from sleep loss, including weight gain and Type II Diabetes.

Test yourself to determine whether you’re getting enough sleep. Don’t use an alarm clock one morning and find out if you wake up without it. If not, you’re sleep deprived because your brain will wake you up when you’ve had enough sleep.

Another way to determine whether your sleep is adequate is to gauge the number of times that it’s necessary to get up and use the bathroom. If you get up multiple times during the night, you are likely either sleep deprived, have a case of sleep apnea, or are diabetic or pre-diabetic. Sleep apnea causes frequent waking and doesn’t allow the body to really get genuine rest. This, in turn increases bodily waste because it is working throughout the night. Alternatively, diabetes or high blood sugar increases the need to urinate because the body is attempting to get rid of the excessive sugar.

The lesson to be learned from this is that the body requires a certain amount of sleep and if we don’t get it there will be a price to pay, either in our health or our performance during the day. Sleep well and maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of diabetes and health problems.

The 5 Most Common Questions about Losing Weight

Are you planning to start a weight loss program? Are there any queries that you feel need to be answered? Here are 5 of the most common questions related to losing weight. They may just be the answers that you are looking for.Weight Loss Center Chandler AZ

1-     Are several small meals better than 3 large ones?

Experts on weight loss often recommend several smaller meals, as compared to larger ones. The reason is that smaller meals will help you cut down on the cravings. It is also known to help in regulating the blood sugar. On the other hand, some people argue that frequently eating will raise the insulin levels and prevent you from burning fat. The idea is to keep at least a 2 hour break between your meals so that your body can work towards burning the fat.

Medifast actually uses this technique with six meals daily for several reasons. The most beneficial is that clients don’t feel hungry and get to eat food that is delicious and nutritious!

2-     Is exercise compulsory for losing weight?

No, exercise is not required if you are looking to lose weight, however, it is needed to burn fat and help keep it off. There are different types of exercises that you can do in accordance to the kind of weight loss program that you are considering. It is also important to remember that while exercise may not be required, a good workout plan will always help lose weight in a more effective manner.

3-     Do I have to count my calories every time I eat?

No, you do not have to count your calories every time you eat. However, it is important that you track your progress in some way. You can keep a diary of your weight at the start and end of the week. You can also keep a note of certain food items that you feel are helping you lose weight faster. Only when you are tracking your progress, will you be able to monitor whether a certain weight loss program is working for you or not.

At Medifast Weight Control Centers, there is no need to count calories. That work has already been done for clients, so there is no complicated math involved!

4-     Is it harder for women to lose weight as they grow older?

Yes, it is sadly harder to lose weight as one gets older. The reason is due to the fluctuations of hormones taking place in a woman’s body. As a result, the metabolism slows down which makes it harder to shed weight. StresWeight loss Phoenix AZs levels are also known to increase as one gets older. Career and family pressures may keep one in more stress, as compared to when one was younger. Stress may sometimes make it more difficult to lose weight.

5-     Do weight loss programs work?

Yes, they do! Professional weight loss programs have been carefully put together to ensure that a person can lose weight and lose it quickly. However, it is important to monitor the food portions and types of food in the weight loss program. Although some weight loss programs may help you lose weight quickly, they may not do it effectively. Always check that the weight loss program is safe and highly recommended before you consider giving it a try.

The Link between Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease

Obesity is a major problem in the U.S. and other countries all around the world. Approximately 400 million adults are obese and one billion people are overweight worldwide. About 17.6 million children are considered overweight worldwide. Obesity is caused mainly because of an unhealthy lifestyle such as high-fat diets, animal-based diets, and physical inactivity. Several developing countries are also facing obesity and malnutrition as a great health problem. Obesity is considered as the major cause of insulin resistance, which leads to pre-diabetes or diabetes in obese people. Another risk factor of being obese is the probability of developing cardiovascular diseases.Obesity Beach Picture

Obesity causes diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis, and these conditions increases the chances of developing cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular diseases consist of several abnormal conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels in the heart. Obesity or being overweight is considered as the main risk factor of developing heart attack and coronary heart disease. If you are obese or overweight, your chances of developing cardiovascular disease increase by 20% in comparison to people with normal weight. The chances of developing cardiovascular disease still increases if you have abdominal fat. Some of the risk factors that trigger the development of cardiovascular disease are:

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is caused by the hardening of artery walls which reduces the elasticity of the arteries. The hardening of the arteries results in the blockage of the vessels. The blockage of arteries is due to the fiber-like and fatty deposits on the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis causes cardiovascular disease when the blockage occurs in the blood vessels of the heart. The blockage of arteries in the heart leads to heart attack and coronary artery disease. Strokes are caused when atherosclerosis affects the brain and peripheral artery disease when it affects peripheral arteries. High BMI is highly associated with atherosclerosis as it results in the increase in the circumference of waistline, hip ratio and subcutaneous deposition of fat in the abdomen. The association between obesity and atherosclerosis is more common in men than in women who haven’t reached their menopause.

High Blood Cholesterol

Heart-Coronary-Artery3The occurrence of obesity and high blood cholesterol level together increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis.

Body Fat and Obesity

Abdominal body fat in obese persons is associated with several cardiovascular complications such as heart attacks, stroke and high blood pressure. Abdominal fat increases the level of LDL or bad cholesterol and decreases the level of good or HDL cholesterol. Cardiomyopathy is caused by the direct influence of obesity as it increases the fat content in the heart. Fat cells replace various tissues in the heart like atrioventricular node, sinus node, myocardium, and right bundle branch. The blockage of heart tissues causes defects in atrioventricular block, bundle branch and sinus node, which in turn results in heart failure.

High blood Pressure and Obesity

High blood pressure and obesity are correlated as people with higher BMI are prone to the risk of developing high blood pressure. High blood pressure also causes cardio vascular complications in obese people such as heart attacks and stroke.

JOIN OUR E-MAIL LIST!

captcha
Menu
WordPress Image Lightbox Plugin