Diabetes patients should take proper treatment to manage the disease, so that they can avoid further complications. The main aims of treating diabetic patients are to improve the quality of life, regulate and monitor the blood sugar level, and prevent both short term and long term complications of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is mainly due to the result of a poor lifestyle. Hence, the complications can be reduced greatly by making changes in the lifestyle. The lifestyle changes include consuming a healthy diet, and exercising regularly.
Once you have been diagnosed with diabetes, your primary doctor will start the treatment for diabetes or refer to another doctor who is specialized in treating diabetes. A healthcare team will help the diabetic patient to manage the diabetes, so that he or she can enjoy good health. The healthcare team includes doctors, diabetes educators, pharmacists, exercise trainers, and dieticians.
An efficient disease management is possible with the help of the healthcare team. Diabetic patients should consult a doctor at least for every 3-4 months. If the patient is managing diabetes with proper diet or pills, then he or she has to meet the doctor every 4-6 months. However, if the blood glucose level is not under control, then the patient has to consult a doctor more frequently.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes that require immediate attention of the doctor are:
- Diabetic Retinopathy
The diabetic patients should consult an ophthalmologist every year to perform a dilated eye test. The symptoms of diabetes retinopathy that require a visit to the ophthalmologist are blurred vision and blind spots. More significant symptoms such as hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots should be examined by a doctor every 4-6 months based on the seriousness of the symptoms. If more serious symptoms such as intraretinal microvascular abnormalities and venous bleeding occur, more frequent eye examinations is required, i.e., every 3-4 months. Macular edema can occur along with retinopathy, which also needs immediate treatment.
- Diabetic Neuropathy
The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy are pain, burning sensation, tingling, and numbness in your feet. If you feel the above mentioned symptoms, then you should visit the doctor on a regular basis. The patient should check the feet on a daily basis for calluses, cracks, skin blemishes, and redness as these symptoms also need immediate attention.
- Diabetic Nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy or kidney problems can be diagnosed by performing urine tests. It is important to check and control hypertension to slow down the kidney problems. In adults, the blood pressure has to be maintained at a level below 130/80. If the diabetic patient is experiencing swollen leg or foot, then it may be the symptom of diabetic nephropathy and one should consult a doctor promptly.
- Diabetic Coma
There are three types of diabetic coma such as ketoacidosis coma, hypoglycemic coma and hyperosmolar coma. Ketoacidosis coma is mainly associated with type 1 diabetes, but occasionally occurs in type 2 diabetic patients also. Symptoms of ketoacidosis are lethargy, nausea, extreme thirst, frequent urination, vomiting, progressive drowsiness, rapid breathing, abdominal pain, and acetone or fruity smell in breath.
Hyperosmolar coma is caused by the high level of blood glucose and severe dehydration, and this type of coma is mainly seen in type 2 diabetes patients. The symptoms of hypoglycemic coma include tremor, sweating, weakness, heart palpitations, intense hunger, drowsiness, confusion, and altered behavior. A diabetic coma needs immediate medical attention as quick diagnosis will save the life of the person.
One of the most common reasons people end up with Type 2 Diabetes is being obese. It is possible to mitigate some of the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes by losing weight.
Medifast Weight Control Centers in Arizona offers 4 locations in the Valley for convenience. Certified weight loss counselors meet with clients regularly at the weight loss clinics in Gilbert, Glendale, Chandler and Scottsdale.
Call today to get started – (602) 996-9669.